- Ethnic group. Buryats, or Buryaad, are the largest minority nationality in Siberia, numbering nearly 450,000. While the majority of Buryats reside in the Republic of Buryatiya, they also live in the Irkutsk Oblast and Zabaykalsky Krai (formerly known as the Chita Oblast), especially within the formerly autonomous Ust-Orda and Agin-Buryat okrugs of these two administrative units. Only in Aga Buryatiya do they form a majority (63 percent).The Buryats are a mix of Mongol, Turkic, and Tungus peoples. Buryats are traditionally divided among the following subgroups: Khora, Bugalat, Ekhirit, Khongodor, and Tabunut. Culturally, they resemble Mongolians, possessing similar traditions of nomadic pastoralism and many customs (sports, oral history, etc.). Their language, Buryat, is a form of Mongolian that has used the Cyrillic alphabet since 1939 (a Latin alphabet was employed in the previous decade). In order to stanch pan-Mongolism in the 1930s, the dialect that least resembled standard Mongolian was chosen for the Buryats by the Kremlin.The Tibetan form of Buddhism (Lamaism) is the dominant religion among Buryats, though many still practice shamanism and animism, often in conjunction with Buddhism. Many Buryats living in Irkutsk and other western areas of their traditional homeland have embraced Russian Orthodoxy. Founded in the 1990s, the All-Buryat Cultural Association and the Congress of the Buryat People seek to foster Buryat national identity in and outside of Buryatiya.The world-famous model Irina Pantaeva is an ethnic Buryat and was born in Ulan-Ude; she chronicled her early life in Buryatiya in her 1999 autobiography Siberian Dream.
Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation. Robert A. Saunders and Vlad Strukov. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Buryats — Infobox Ethnic group group=Buryat poptime=500,000Fact|date=September 2008 popplace=Russia, Mongolia rels=Tibetan Buddhism ( Lamaism ), Shamanism langs=Buryat, Russian related=Other Mongolic peoplesThe Buryats or Buriyads, numbering approximately… … Wikipedia
Buryats — n. Mongol person from south east Russia; Mongolian language of the Buryat people … English contemporary dictionary
Buddhism in Russia — TOC Historically, Buddhism was incorporated into Russian lands as early as the late 16th century, when Russian explorers travelled to and settled in Siberia and what is now the Russian Far East. It is also believed that Indian King Ashoka had… … Wikipedia
Mongols — For other uses, see Mongols (disambiguation). Mongol Монгол … Wikipedia
Список известных бурят — Служебный список статей, созданный для координации работ по развитию темы. Данное предупреждение не устанавливается на информационные статьи списки и глоссари … Википедия
Lake Baikal — Baykal and Baikal redirect here. For other uses, see Baykal (disambiguation). Lake Baikal Coordinates … Wikipedia
Buryat language — Buryat буряад хэлэн buryaad khelen Spoken in Russia (Buryat Republic, Ust Orda Buryatia, Aga Buryatia), northern Mongolia, China (Hulunbuir) Ethnicity Buryats, Barga Mongols … Wikipedia
Olkhon — Shaman Rock near Khuzhir Geography Location Lake Baikal … Wikipedia
Indigenous peoples of Siberia — Gulf of Ob … Wikipedia
Outer Mongolia (1911–1919) — Bogd Khaanate of Mongolia ← … Wikipedia